Appendix A: Abbreviations and References

    All Tanakh and Bible references use the standard English names and spellings in footnotes and references. Those abbreviations are as follows:


    • Gen.
    • Ex.
    • Lev.
    • Num.
    • Deut.
    • Josh.
    • Judg.
    • 1 Sam.
    • 2 Sam.
    • 1 Kings
    • 2 Kings
    • Isa.
    • Jer.
    • Ezek.
    • Hos.
    • Joel
    • Amos
    • Obad.
    • Jonah
    • Mic.
    • Nah.
    • Hab.
    • Zeph.
    • Hag.
    • Zech.
    • Mal.
    • Ps.
    • Prov.
    • Job
    • Song
    • Ruth
    • Lam.
    • Eccles.
    • Est.
    • Dan.
    • Ezra
    • Neh.
    • 1 Chron.
    • 2 Chron.

    New Testament:

    • Matt.
    • Mark
    • Luke
    • John
    • Acts
    • Rom.
    • 1 Cor.
    • 2 Cor.
    • Gal.
    • Eph.
    • Phil.
    • Col.
    • 1 Thess.
    • 2 Thess.
    • 1 Tim.
    • 2 Tim.
    • Titus
    • Philem.
    • Heb.
    • James
    • 1 Pet.
    • 2 Pet.
    • 1 John
    • 2 John
    • 3 John
    • Jude
    • Rev.

    The Stick of Joseph book names are given in their short form, but not abbreviated. They are listed as follows:

    • 1 Nefi
    • 2 Nefi
    • Ya’akov
    • Enosh
    • Yahram
    • Ameni
    • Words of M’raman
    • Moshiyah
    • Alma
    • Cheleman
    • 3 Nefi
    • 4 Nefi
    • M’raman
    • ’Eter
    • M’roni

    Other Abbreviations Used in References

    2 Macc. 2 Maccabees

    b.____ Babylonian Talmud

    b.Baba Kamma Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Kamma

    b.Baba Batra Babylonian Talmud Tractate Baba Batra

    b.Berakhot Babylonian Talmud Tractate Berakhot

    b.Hullin Babylonian Talmud Tractate Hullin

    b.Ketubot Babylonian Talmud Tractate Ketubot

    b.Makot Babylonian Talmud Tractate Makot

    b.Megillah Babylonian Talmud Tractate Megillah

    b.Menachot Babylonian Talmud Tractate Menachot

    b.Nedarim Babylonian Talmud Tractate Nedarim

    b.Niddah Babylonian Talmud Tractate Niddah

    b.Pesahim Babylonian Talmud Tractate Pesahim

    b.Rosh Hashanah Babylonian Talmud Tractate Rosh Hashanah

    b.Sanhedrin Babylonian Talmud Tractate Sanhedrin

    b.Shabbat Babylonian Talmud Tractate Shabbat

    b.Sotah Babylonian Talmud Tractate Sotah

    b.Sukkah Babylonian Talmud Tractate Sukkah

    b.Ta’anit Babylonian Talmud Tractate Ta’anit

    b.Yevamot Babylonian Talmud Tractate Yevamot

    b.Yoma Babylonian Talmud Tractate Yoma

    CJB Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern

    ISR Institute for Scripture Research version of the Bible

    JST Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible

    KJV King James Version of the Bible

    m.____ Mishnah

    m.Avot Mishnah Tractate Pirkei Avot

    m.Chagigah Mishnah Tractate Chagigah

    m.Menachot Mishnah Tractate Menachot

    m.Nedarim Mishnah Tractate Nedarim

    m.Sanhedrin Mishnah Tractate Sanhedrin

    m.Sotah Mishnah Tractate Sotah

    NJPS New Jewish Publication Society version of the Tanakh

    O.T. Old Testament (i.e. the Tanakh)

    R. Rabbi

    Strom Stromateis by Clement of Alexandria

    Strong’s The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible by James Strong

    t.Berakhot Tosefta Tractate Berakhot

    y.____ Jerusalem Talmud.

    y.Betzah Jerusalem Talmud Tractate Betzah

    Citation Numbering

    Standard chapter and verse numbers are used for Bible and Tanakh references. In cases where Jewish versions and Christian versions differ in numbering, the Jewish numbering is used, with the Christian numbering given in parenthesis directly after. References from The Stick of Joseph are given in the form of Book Chapter:Paragraph(s). For example, (M’roni 10:6) means the Book of M’roni, chapter 10, paragraph 6.

    Spelling and Terminology

    Hebraic forms of many names and terms are used in the text of The Stick of Joseph. For definitions and explanations of Hebrew terms, please see the Glossary. Standard English, non-Hebraicized spellings of most names are used in footnotes, references, and appendices.